Dalelorenzo's GDI Blog

Education in Ghana: the North/South Divide

Education in GhanaThere is a stark difference in education in Ghana between the northern and southern regions. Eighteen-year-old Kelvin Odartei lives in southern Ghana and recently became the first car-owner in his community. However, Kelvin's kinfolk in the northern regions of Ghana had no such chances. Despite a renowned standing in Africa due to its natural opulence, Ghana struggles with shielding educational infrastructure in northern spheres. Politics in northern parts have curbed learning alternatives. But today, things have changed.

History of the North/ South Divide

Ghana was the first African country to gain its independence from British colonial power. Kwame Nkrumah headed the country to independence on March 6, 1957, while he worded Pan-African organizations throughout the continent. Nkrumah headed successful efforts to expand literacy in Ghana. His administration built and money several schools across the southern regions. As a cause, numerous southern areas have an improved person of young adults.

However, that was not the case in northern Ghana. Sources indicate that the Nkrumah organisations neglected the northern regions’ educational system in the 1960 s due to tribal-nationalist conflicts that developed alongside the post-colonial governing campaigns. As quoted by President Nkrumah’s commentators, “We were hoping that when Ghana was independent the recently all-African Government would render the North with all that was required to free the North from ignorance ...[ I] nstead this the Government dominated by Southerners, are doing all they can to keep the Northerners down so that they can use them as servants.” Since then , not many governments have made efforts to increase the quality of education in the northern regions.

For instance, the Sanguli schools in the northern region, founded in 1961, had 500 students with only four professors. The school’s quality and infrastructure were reported to include “inadequate infrastructure, meagre learn staff and lack of information, communication technology, ICT laboratories, as well as libraries.” As a develop, the privation rate has remained alarmingly high-pitched, distributed according to concerned residents.

Lack of resources and budgets has also resulted in poor educational settings- students were forced to sit on the floor, potholes inside the classroom had published health and safety concerns, mothers reported students experiencing forced labor in teachers’ farms in exchange for school fees.

2017 and Beyond

Things took a turn in 2017 as Ghana’s current president Akufo-Addo ensured that all regions will have newly constructed schools and equips. “There will be no admission fees , no library costs ... no test costs .... There will be free textbooks, free boarding and free meals.” You can learn more about recent reforms for education in Ghana here.

U.S.-founded MCC( Millenium Change Corporation) has money over$ 9 million for Ghana’s educational sector. This includes money toward the construction of 221 schools in north, and southern Ghana. Furthermore, since 2007, MCC has attained groundbreaking “investments in education infrastructure[ which] would lead to improved clas access. Improved school outcomes would lead to poverty reduction through financial growth.”

Today, Ghana has one of the highest investments in education with “3 0% of the government budget on the educational sector” and 11% of the country’s GDP invested in public class. Because of the increased educational infrastructure, young students like Kelvin can feel confident that Ghana can carry their own future dreams. You can learn more from the Borgen Project about education in Ghana here and here.

- Ayesha Swaray

Photo: Flickr

The post Education in Ghana: the North/ South Divide materialized first on The Borgen Project.

Read more: borgenproject.org

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