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Highlights of the BMC Series – April 2021

BMC Psychology- How to react to a pandemic: Keep calm and stay at home ?

Red sign with slogan 'Keep calm and stay home'

In an interesting analysis, researchers from Technical University in Munich and the University of Cambridge probed the difference in the response to COVID-1 9 pandemic between Germany and UK citizens. Their results( published now in BMC Psychology) highlight a astonishing difference how responders from both countries rated the effects of the pandemic on their financial situation as well as their personal prognosi: While German players reported a lower impact in terms of loss of work and income, they were less hopeful that the pandemic would terminate soon compared against British participants.

Overall, both people evidenced an increasing number of evidences of mental illnesses, most prominently depression and suspicions, induced or worsened by the pandemic. This alarming increase calls for a better public awareness of mental health and mental illness as well as better access to help in both countries.

The comparison between Germany and the UK is particularly interesting because both countries are economically and culturally very similar. However, the initial response to the pandemic differed between both countries, with Germany locking down far earlier than the UK, which has been shown to have impacted number of deaths.

As the data for this study was collected during the first lockdown in both countries( April/ May 2020) it will be interesting to see how the mental health response has changed over the course of the pandemic.

BMC Medical Ethics- Research integrity, misconduct and causes

Research ethics is a hot topic is not simply in the science community but is also garnering wide-spread attention among the public. Especially in recent years, cases of prominent researchers suspected of misconduct have been highly publicised across word outlets.

( c) Warchi/ Getty Images/ iStock

In a recent study published in BMC Medical Ethics, researchers from Hungary, Ireland, the UK and Norway collected and analysed data concerning cases of research misconduct available in technical publications. Interestingly, the field of natural sciences( 41.5%) was found to have the most cases in relation to number of publishings in the field, followed by health and medical sciences( 25.1%) and engineering( 22% ).

The most prevalent misconduct category was manufacturing and forgery of data with non-adherence to pertinent principles such as informed consent and ethics admiration grading second. Additionally, the researchers assessed the consequences for research wrongdoing know newspaper retraction( 45.4%) and exclusion from funding applications( 35.5%) to be the most common sanctions.

The columnists of this study further criticise that retraction notices often do not contain sufficient detail, thus obstructing opennes of the retraction process. Comprehensive analysis such as this study guide the research community in finding ways to prevent misconduct and uphold research stability standards.

BMC Medical Research Methodology- Equity in clinical ordeal enrollment- Why are homes of higher disease prevalence not( more) aligned with trial spots ?

Clinical tests aimed to investigate treatment options for specific disabilities often do not recruit from people with high prevalence of the respective disease.

Group of healthcare workers and patients of different ages and ethnicities in a huddle all with hands in smiling at the hospital.( c) Hispanolistic/ Getty Images/ iStock

This geographical incongruity changes both the quality of care and the authenticity or generalisability of results and funding people are working towards a more equal delivery. Investigates and funding organizations are becoming increasingly aware of these issues, eliciting researchers from the University of Oxford to investigate why this inconsistency exists and how leader researchers( CIs) of clinical trials can be supported to achieve a more equitable distribution.

The results of their qualitative study have now been published in BMC Medical Research Methodology revealing that the determining factor in site collection for CIs is to ensure a successful trial procedure and the risk associated with choosing less research-active places. Chiefly, CIs are conscious of potential issues with patient recruitment and retention and are concerned with the effect a less successful trial might have on their honour and future fund opportunities. This often leads to CIs selecting places where they have a personal contact or with which they have collaborated in the past, thereby continuing this system of inequity.

The columnists recommend strategies to mitigate these seen risk factors and incentivise leader researchers to align their experiment areas with the orientation of disease prevalence while highlighting the benefits experienced by CIs who have previously' crack the mould’.

BMC Research Notes- Reforesting our planet utilizing nitrogen-fixing legumes

Awareness of the importance of ensuring that the humid rain forests and woodlands in general for our world climate has grown over the last few years and forest reinstatement is crucial in our efforts to prevent an atmosphere crisis.

Reforestation programmes are on the rise, but a central interference to restoring a diverse plant life are often expended soils that "ve lost" nutrients and minerals through monocultural farming.

Hand of a farmer nurturing a young green plant with natural green background .( c) weerapatkiatdumrong/ Getty Images/ iStock

Here, Brazilian investigates present data on the use of different legume embeds in reinstatement attempts, published now in BMC Research Notes. Nitrogen-fixing legumes are a useful tool to restore grimes and give a good basis for second-generation flowers, but the process is often slow.

By measuring biomass growth of reforestation blocks treated with different fertilisation regimen, the researchers were able to show a fundamental capacity for added fertilisation during the early stages of plantation development.

These observes was essential for policymakers in setting up strategies to mitigate global warming and retrieve carbon from our sky squandering natural fixation by plants.

BMC Pediatrics- Is Vitamin D and magnesium supplementation a successful care for children with ADHD ?

Problem child and desperate mother at psychological centre.( c) KatarzynaBialasiewicz/ Getty Images/ iStock

Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder( ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder leading to learning disabilities or social dysfunction in altered children with symptoms often lasting into adulthood.

Previous research has shown that children with ADHD often have lower serum levels of vitamin D and magnesium, but few studies have been conducted to assess the effect of vitamin D/ magnesium supplementation on behavioural issues of children diagnosed with ADHD.

In a study published in BMC Pediatrics Hemamy and collaborators present data from a randomised, placebo-controlled trial investigating the effect of vitamin D/ Mg supplementation on Iranian children with ADHD. Interestingly, the researchers find significant improvement in various behavioural variables including feeling and peer troubles, where children in the medication radical valued significantly better than those receives the placebo.

This research sits the groundwork for bigger clinical tribulations analyse the effects of vitamin D and magnesium on the behaviour of children with ADHD as well as the underlying physiological mechanism had contributed to potentially new medication recommendations.

The post Highlights of the BMC Series- April 2021 performed first on BMC Series blog.

Read more: blogs.biomedcentral.com

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