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Human Trafficking in Kazakhstan Targets Migrants

Human Trafficking in KazakhstanIn 2018, a move appointed E.Sh.M. lost his substantiates while trying to cross the border into Kazakhstan. Upon arrival at the nearest market, human traffickers kidnapped him and sold him into forced labor on a farm. There, he was illegally detained and subjected to inhumane working conditions where his bos would regularly abuse him. On one extreme reason, E.Sh.M.'s legs were thumped with an ax, and his thumb was cut off. E.Sh.M. provides as only one example of the therapy that migrants who become victims of human trafficking in Kazakhstan endure.

The Influx of Foreign Migrants

Kazakhstan used to be a land of emigration and transit to Russia. However, this changed at the start of the new millennium when the country's economy improved. The flow of migrants increased even more after the Russian financial crisis in 2014 as Kazakhstan became more financially accessible to citizens from Central Asian countries like Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan, who now make up the bulk of the migrant population. In 2015, the U.N. estimated that 20% of Kazakhstan's population were migrants.

What Conducts to Migrant Vulnerability

The case of E.Sh.M. is not an anomaly. Preferably, it is emblematic of the larger issue of human trafficking in Kazakhstan, which has registered more than 1,100 crimes in the last three years. Labor exploitation, especially of male nomads coming from Central Asia, is just as dominant as purposes of sexual exploitation in "the two countries ". Trafficked migrants are forced into construction and agricultural work. They are tempted with the promise of a high income. Instead, they are illegally detained and forced into proletariat. Therefore, the poor economic conditions of the migrant’s native country combined with the common recruitment tactic of a deceptive income are parts is in charge of the exacerbation of human trafficking in Kazakhstan.

Although E.Sh.M. lost his reports, a more sinister approach for human traffickers in Kazakhstan is forcefully taking away documents and leveling violent menaces against migrants. Rodnik is an NGO that helps survivors of human trafficking in Kazakhstan. Diana Bakyt, a lawyer who works for Rodnik, reiterated this target in an interview with The Borgen Project. Bakyt stated, “the main risk factor for going into a situation of human trafficking is the lack of identity documents.” If a migrant emigrates for work without proper documentation stating their relationship with their bos, they gamble trafficking.

The Impact of COVID-1 9

With metes closing at the onset of the pandemic, hundreds of Central Asian migrants were left stranded at the Russian-Kazakh border. However, as restraints naturalness, the plight of the migrants did not. Migrants lost income during the lockdown, and they were also subjected to a migrant phobia media onslaught. Rhetoric, such as “hotbeds for infections” and “breeding grounds for the virus, ” has stigmatized migrants. Moves stranded at the border became “congestions.” These thoughts further worsen the vulnerability of migrants and increase the risk of human trafficking.

Rodnik has Solutions

Nina Balabayeva founded Kazakhstan’s firstly shelter, Rodnik, in 2006. The nongovernmental organization has since become the leading mitigator of human trafficking in the country and has provided assistance to more than 16,000 people.

Taking on the plight of the migrants, Diana Bakyt stated that Rodnik has assisted with documentation, fastening of law rewards and the return of trafficked moves to their homeland. The making is also responsible for combating the migrant phobia supplied by the media and is working to reduce the risk of COVID-1 9 show to moves. E.Sh.M.’s tale could only have a platform today because Rodnik assisted in his return back to Kyrgyzstan in 2021.

Based in Almaty, Rodnik lies in a vital orientation. Almaty is the primary destination for casual laborer in Kazakhstan. In collaboration with USAID, UNICEF, Winrock International and the Eurasia Foundation, Rodnik has successfully implemented several safaruss and projects, including several report drives. During one of these drives, migrant workers on the streets of Almaty received pamphlets. In a single period, more than 500 beings learned about the risks of the human trafficking of migrants in Kazakhstan.

Owing to their founder’s degree in psychology, Bakyt stated that the organization too prioritizes requiring psychological help to victims. Other academies that Rodnik works with include authorities, institutions, healthcare institutions, armeds, social workers, migration patrolmen and law enforcement.

What Lies Ahead for Kazakhstan

While floors about migrants like E.Sh.M. are heartbreaking, his defend stimulates others to stand against trafficking in human beings. Kazakhstan has recently seen an increase of new moves as a byproduct of the pandemic. However, the tireless efforts of organizations like Rodnik show that trafficking can be overcome.

- Iris Anne Lobo Photo: Flickr

The post Human Trafficking in Kazakhstan Targets Migrants performed first on The Borgen Project.

Read more: borgenproject.org

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