Traumatic Bonding & Stockholm Syndrome




“Why Do You Stay/ Go Back? ” Traumatic Bonding AndThe Development Of The Stockholm Syndrome in Abused Women( and Men) – by Debra DixonWe hear the question, “Why do you stay? ” ask of battered brides over and over. Most of society tired long ago of the answer, “Because I adore him.” When a battered bride says “because I adore him” she is describing the Stockholm Syndrome in the best way that she can. She knows that she has very strong feelings for him and can only attribute those feelings to adoration because of a lack of information. These scapegoats is not have the information they need to accurately describe the dynamics involved in the bonding process that occurs with abuse and trauma and therefore attribute their intense feelings the best way that they can – love.Theories on why smashed ladies abide have wandered from “learned helplessness” to masochism to feminist hypothesi regarding status and resources. While some of these issues( learned helplessness and a lack of resources) can be contributing factors “its time” we look at the ligament been established by severe, prolonged trauma.Traumatic bonding was first recognized and recognise during a hostage occurrence in Stockholm, Sweden. Dominion were astounded that the hostages refused to cooperate with them and actually appreciated law enforcement as the rascals. What they only evidencing was the hostage’s identification with the hostage taker. Powers were even more offended when the hostages refused to testify against their captors and one of the status of women later married him. While hostages may bond after a matter of hours batterers often have many years with the victims without any interference or intervention.This bond occurs because the well being of a child, a hostage or a battered wife are dependent upon the hostage taker or the batterer. If a batterer has total control over her fund, refuge, conciliation and merriment then it is in her best interest to keep him happy. This bail is not only in the best interest of the perpetrator but is, at times, in the best interest of the victim and is frequently necessary for her survival. If a hostage, or smashed girl, is argumentative and suggestive they are more likely to be injured. If a batterer or hostage taker despises the victim their likelihood of injury increases.We often berate the victim for staying in these relationships and can’t understand how it happened. A brutal, verifying man does not take a woman out and pulsate her on the first year. We all put on our best face when we initially congregate people and batterers are no different. If he took the woman out and thump her on the first date there would be no second time. She has no history or investment in the relationship and wouldn’t tolerate it. His taking power of her is a gradual process.Battered females, hostages and prisoner’s of battle will share some of the same experiences. Some of these shared experiences are that then there cheapened, debilitated, they experience the constant threat of violence, the brutality is intermittent, their are periodic kindness, the captor reveals primacy, solitude etc…The dynamics involved in domestic violence can be demonstrated by what’s called The Power And Control Wheel by the Domestic Abuse Intervention Project( DAIP ). It’s interesting because when we compare Bidermans Chart of Coercion by Amnesty International with the Power and Control Wheel they are almost identical.( Bidermans Chart of Coercion is how Amnesty International documented the techniques of the Communist Chinese, KGB, etc.) There are many types of service providers coming in contact with battered women who are still unaware of why these women stay. These service providers are unable to address the bigger picture due to a lack of information. The inability to address this issue forms many problems. Principle implementation, and much of civilization, still condemns the women for defending their attackers, unaware of the fact that is not simply is attacking the attacker in her level of interest but the bond itself increases her trauma. The martyrs are not given the information they need to deal with the bond they feel and therefore attribute their vex feelings to “love.” Allowing them, and their children, to be followed in harrowing relationships.While we advise against confrontational action we query that smashed girls cooperate with law enforcement who can routinely simply guarantee her refuge for a matter of hours. I am not saying that smashed wives should not cooperate. I am asking that we rethink our approaching to domestic violence based on the fact that a distressing bail is occurring and that the attachment itself must be taken into consideration and dealt with.For more information contact VJC Inc for a replica of the book Traumatic Bonding and the Development of the Stockholm Syndrome in Battered Women.—————————————————————Why Do They Stay? Traumatic BondingTraumatic bonding may be defined as the development of strong feeling ties between two persons, with person or persons sporadically harassing, trouncing, abusing, or terrifying the other.There are two common features in the structure of damage ligament affairs: 1. The live of a ability inequality, wherin the maltreated person perceives him/ herself to be dominated by the other person. 2. The sporadic sort of the abuse.Power ImbalanceSocial psychologists have found that unequal power relationships can become increasingly unbalanced over time. As the ability inequality overstates, the main victims feels most negative in her self-appraisal, more incapable of fending for herself, and more dependent on the abuser. This repetition of dependency and lowered self-esteem repeats itself over and over and eventually makes a strong effective( feeling) bond to the abuser.At the same time, the abuser will develop an overgeneralized appreciation of his own power which concealments the extent to which he is dependent on the victim to maintain his self-image. This sense of influence residues on his ability to maintain absolute control in the relationship. If the personas that maintain this sense of power are shaken, the masked addiction of the abuser on the victim is unexpectedly made obvious.One instance of this rapid reversion of power is the desperate control aims made by the abandoned battering partner to impart his wife back into the relationship through threats and/ or intimidation.Intermittent Abuse: When physical insult is administered at intermittent lulls( random days) and when it is intersperced with lenient and affectionate contact, the phenomenon of distressing bonding seems most powerful.The three periods involved in the hertz of violence( pressure construct, battering and “honeymoon”) afford a prime example of periodic buttres. The unreliable span and seriousnes of each phase serve to keep the victim off balance and in hopes of change. The “honeymoon” phase is an integral part of traumatic bonding. It is this time that allows the victim to experience calm and cherishing feelings from the abuser and therefore strengthens her emotional attachment.——————————————————————————–STOCKHOLM SYNDROME THEORYStockholm Syndrome chiefly develops under the following conditions: Victim perceives the abuser as a threat to her survival, physically or psychologically.Victim perceives the abuser as indicating her some kindness, nonetheless small.Victim is kept isolated from others.Victim should not perceive a behavior to escape from the abuser.Victim focuses on the abuser’s needs.Victim experiences nature from abuser’s perspective.Victim perceives those trying to help her as the “bad guys” and the abuser as the “good guys.”Victim detects it difficult to leave the abuser even when it is OK to do so.Victim frights the abuser will come back to get her, even if he is dead or in prison.Victim evidences ratifies of PTSD( Post Traumatic Stress Disorder) including sadnes, low self-esteem, anxiety reactions, paranoia and feelings of helplessness, and recurring hallucinations and flashbacks.http :// www.geocities.com/ HotSprings/ 6537/ abuse.htmlhttp :// pages.ivillage.com/ cl-mizlizzy/ recognizinganddealingwithdomesticabuse/ id23. html




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